Christ Fellowship Bible Church






The following Bylaws are designed to help our church operate in a biblically faithful manner. Like most church bylaws, they cover basic issues related to the governance and function of the church. They also cover issues that are often overlooked in standard bylaws, such as biblical counseling, confidentiality, and conflict resolution. In particular, the Bylaws are designed to accomplish the following goals: 


(1) To prevent surprises and disappointed expectations by providing potential members with a thorough explanation of how the church intends to govern itself. 

(2) To reduce the likelihood of confusion and conflict within the church by establishing clear operational guidelines. 

(3) To prevent the misuse of authority by church leaders by establishing procedures that protect members from being disciplined or losing rights without due process. 

(4) To give our Elders protection from being subpoenaed by a civil court to testify regarding information they receive through pastoral counseling, while at the same time giving them guidelines for reporting actual or suspected harm to others. 

(5) To reduce the church’s exposure to legal liability by satisfying recently developed legal requirements, even in areas where we deny that the state has jurisdiction, and by requiring that potential lawsuits will be resolved through biblical mediation or arbitration rather than through litigation. Most people would agree that these are worthwhile goals, but some might still be troubled by the amount of detail found in these Bylaws. They might say, “Why can’t we live by just a few general rules?” The answer to that question is quite simple: Because general rules are susceptible to differing interpretations, it is often necessary to develop detailed rules to eliminate the possibility of misunderstandings. 


Scripture does not tell us exactly how to give notice or establish quorums for congregational meetings, what information should remain confidential and what may be shared with others, how long church officers should serve without re-election, or how to dispose of property if a church dissolves. These Bylaws are designed to answer these types of questions in accord with biblical principles, and will hopefully spare us from unnecessary confusion and conflict, help us to act in consistent and respectful ways, and allow us to devote ourselves to the more important matters of God’s kingdom. 


As you read the Bylaws, we encourage you to look up and study the Bible passages that are cited next to particular provisions. If such study does not answer all of your questions and concerns, please do not hesitate to approach one of our Elders who will be happy to talk with you about these Bylaws. 



The name of this organization is Christ Fellowship Bible Church, referred to herein as “the church.” 



The Constitution of the church, which is subordinate to the Scriptures of the Old and the New Testaments, consists of the statement of faith, Constitution, and amendments thereto. Whenever possible, these Bylaws shall be interpreted so as to be consistent with the Constitution. Should any Bylaw be found to contradict a provision of the Constitution, the Constitution shall control. 



The church was organized as a nonprofit corporation under the laws of the State of Virginia.


In addition to the purposes set forth in the Church Constitution, the purposes of the church are: 


a. To bring glory and honor to the triune God by promoting true worship, mutual edification, and gospel witness. 


b. To operate exclusively for religious, charitable, and educational purposes within the classification of legal charities, and no part of the net earnings of the organization shall inure to the benefit of any individual; and no substantial part of the activities of the organization, or any receipt of its funds, shall be utilized for any other purpose except those mentioned above. 


c. To handle affairs pertaining to property and other temporal matters as required by the civil authorities. 


d. The church shall not have or issue shares or stock, and no dividends shall be paid. No part of the income or assets of the church shall be distributed to any member or officer without full consideration. The church is prohibited from lending money to guarantee the obligation of a member or officer of the church. No member or officer of the church has any vested right, interest or privilege in or to the assets, property, functions, or activities of the church. The church may contract in due course, for reasonable consideration, with its members or officers without violating this provision subject to the church’s then current Conflict of Interest policy. 



The registered office of the church shall be located within the Fredericksburg, Virginia area at such address as the Elders of the church shall determine. The Elders may change the registered agent and the address of the registered office from time to time, upon filing the appropriate statement with the Secretary of State. 




a. All members, as defined by the Constitution of the church, who are at least 18 years old, and in good standing in the church shall be voting members. “Good standing” means that a member is not presently under corrective discipline as defined and set forth herein below. Any voting member in attendance at a duly called meeting shall be entitled to one vote on matters brought before the congregation. Voting by proxy shall not be permitted. The Elders shall also be entitled to vote. 


b. Members may be removed from membership at their own request by informing the Elders of their intention to withdraw and the reasons therefore. If a member requests to withdraw because of specific problems or disappointments with the church, the Elders may attempt to resolve those matters so that the member may remain in the church, and enjoy greater fruitfulness and personal spiritual growth. If the Elders are unable to resolve those matters, they may offer to assist the member in locating a church of like faith and practice that can respond more effectively to his or her gifts and needs. If it appears to the Elders that a member has requested removal merely to avoid church discipline as defined and explained below, that request shall not be given effect until the disciplinary process has been properly concluded. 


c. Members may also be removed from membership by order of the Elders when they: persistently, over an extended period of time, and without adequate reason absent themselves from the stated services of the church; become a member of another church; cannot be found for a period greater than two years; or are removed by disfellowshipping for persistent impenitence. 




a. The church will be led by male members called Elders.  Positions of service within the church will be held by members, male or female, and will be called Deacons/Deaconesses (collectively called Deacons). In order to be eligible for election, an Elder (male) or a Deacon (male or female) shall be members in good standing in the church. Everyone should be living, to the best of their understanding an exemplary and prayerful Christian life, especially as regards loyal obedience to the moral precepts taught in the Word of God for believers.  The moral and spiritual qualifications for those who assume positions within the church are contained in the Scriptures, particularly in 1 Timothy 3:1-12 and Titus 1:5-9, and Acts 6:3. Candidates for these positions should be nominated and elected in light of these God-given requirements. 


b. Elders are to lead the church in the service of Christ. They are to watch diligently over the people committed to their charge in order to encourage progress and growth in Christian faith, hope and love, and to prevent corruption of doctrine and morals. Evils that they cannot correct by private admonition should be brought to the notice of the Elders. They should visit the people, especially the sick, instruct the uninformed, comfort the mourning, and nourish and spiritually guard the church. They should pray with and for the people. 


c. Deacons shall show forth the compassion of Christ in a manifold ministry of mercy toward the saints and strangers on behalf of the church. As delegated and directed by the Elders, they shall minister to the temporal needs of members and friends, administer the church finances, and see to the care and maintenance of church property. 


d. Any voting member may propose to the Elders nominations for the office of Elder, Deacon or Trustee (for a description of the office of Trustee, see the Church Constitution, Art. IV, Sec. 2, Subsection B3). The Elders shall approve those nominees whom, upon examination, it judges to possess the necessary qualifications for office. An Elder, Deacon or Trustee who had been previously approved, but who resigned from or was divested of the office must be re-approved. 

e. Once the membership is notified by the Elders that a need exists for a new Elder, Deacon, or Trustee members shall be given three weeks to prayerfully consider and submit the names of spiritually mature members who are already exhibiting the qualities and the qualifications for the position to the Elders for consideration.  The Elders shall interview the candidates and operating on the basis of unanimity select those candidates who are qualified. Those members approved by the Elders will be presented to the congregation at any regularly called meeting of the membership.

f. There are no term limits for positions within the church.  Each Elder, Deacon, or Trustee who is faithfully serving in his/her role and who desires to continue shall be allowed to continue to serve based upon the approval of the Elders. 


g. An Elder, Deacon, or Trustee may be divested of his office by church discipline. 




a. The resignation of an Elder, Deacon, or Trustee shall be in writing and presented to the Elders. Final action shall be taken at the first meeting of the Elders after notification. 

b. If any Elder, Deacon, or Trustee proves to be unfaithful or unfit to scripturally fulfill the duties of his/her office, on the basis of the testimony of at least two witnesses and a hearing by the Elders (other Elders in the case of an Elder), he/she shall be discharged with an appropriate explanation made to the church by the Elders. 




a. The Elders shall have the power and authority to make rules, policy and regulations not inconsistent with the laws of the state of Virginia, the Church Constitution, and these Bylaws. The Elders shall manage the business and ministry of the church, oversee all matters concerning the conduct of public worship, and determine the best measures for promoting the spiritual growth and evangelistic witness of the congregation. They shall receive, dismiss, and exercise discipline over the members of the church, supervise the activities of the Deacons, and all other organizations of the church, and have final authority over the use of the church property. 


b. The Elders shall meet at least once a month. Either oral or written notice, including the date, time, and place of a meeting, shall be given to all Elders at least three business days before a meeting. If mailed, notice shall be deemed to be effective the day after the letter is postmarked. Notice may be waived either orally or in writing. An Elder’s attendance at a meeting waives his right to object to lack of notice or defective notice of the meeting, unless at the beginning of the meeting (or promptly upon arrival), he objects to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting, and does not vote for or assent to action taken at the meeting. 


c. A quorum is a majority of the Elders.  


d. All business conducted by the Elders will be accomplished on the basis of unanimity. An Elder shall be deemed to have approved of an action taken if he is present at a meeting of the Elders unless: (1) he objects at the beginning of the meeting (or promptly upon arrival) to holding it or transacting business at the meeting; or (2) his dissent or abstention from the action taken is entered in the minutes of the meeting; or (3) he did not approve the action and he delivers written notice of dissent or abstention to the presiding officer of the meeting before its adjournment or immediately after adjournment of the meeting. 


e. The Elders may meet by means of a conference telephone call or similar communications equipment, provided all persons entitled to participate in the meeting received proper notice of the telephone meeting, and provided all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other at the same time. A member participating in a conference telephone meeting is deemed present in person at the meeting. The moderator of the meeting may establish reasonable rules as to conducting business at any meeting by phone. 


f. The Elders may conduct business and vote by e-mail if all the Elders consent to conduct business in such a manner. In the event business is conducted by e-mail, then copies of all e-mails shall constitute the minutes of any such business, and shall be placed in the record of minutes. 


g. The Elders may establish such committees, as they deem necessary for the work of the church. 



a. It shall be the duty of the Deacons to have the care of all matters pertaining to the physical properties and finances of the church. They shall decide who is authorized to sign vouchers regarding expenditures from church ministry accounts, and the number of signatures necessary for the authorization of bank checks. They shall also be responsible for such temporal duties as ushering at church services, provisions for widows and orphans, and the provision of every material thing for proper worship. The Deacons operate under the oversight of the Elders. 


b. The Deacons shall meet at least once a month in order to transact the business under their jurisdiction.  All decisions of the Deacons shall be on the basis of unanimity.




a. An annual meeting of the church membership shall be held the first Sunday of December. 


b. Special meetings of the church shall be called and announced to the church membership in accordance with the Church Constitution. The Elders shall provide a congregational meeting venue for discussing issues of concern. This may or may not be at the Annual Membership Meeting. 


c. The purpose of the meeting shall be announced in advance if it involves: an amendment to the Church Constitution; the election or removal of an Elder, Deacon, or Trustee; or the dissolution of the church. When a meeting is called for the transaction of specific matters of business, then no other business shall be conducted except that which is stated in the meeting notice. 


d. A member’s attendance at a meeting waives the member’s right to object to lack of notice or defective notice of the meeting, unless the member at the beginning of the meeting objects to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting; and, waives the member’s right to object to consideration of a particular matter at the meeting that is not within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice, unless the member objects to considering the matter when it is presented. 




a. The church shall keep the following records: 


1. Minutes of the Annual Membership Meeting 

2. Minutes of special called meetings of the congregation 

3. Rolls of the members in the congregation with the dates of their reception 

4. Resolutions adopted by the Elders 

5. Appropriate accounting records 

6. The Constitution and all amendments to it currently in effect 

7. The Bylaws and all amendments to them currently in effect.


b. A member shall be entitled to inspect and copy any of the church records described above, provided the Elders finds that the member has a legitimate purpose. This shall be done at a reasonable time and location, specified by the Elders, and upon reasonable notice of at least 5 business days. The Elders may limit access to any records that contain confidential information about a particular person or persons. 




a. All Christians struggle with sin and the effect it has on their lives and relationships (see Romans 3:23, 7:7-25; Galatians 5:19-23). Whenever a Christian is unable to overcome sinful attitudes or behaviors through private efforts, God commands that he should seek assistance from other members, and especially from the Elders, who have the responsibility of providing pastoral counseling and oversight (see Romans 15:14; Galatians 6:1-2; Colossians 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:16-4:2; Hebrews 10:24-25, 13:17). Therefore, this church encourages and enjoins its members to make confession to and seek counsel from each other, as clearly provided in James 5:16, and from the Elders. 


b. We believe that the Bible provides thorough guidance and instruction for faith and life. Therefore, our counseling shall be based on Scriptural principles rather than those of secular psychology or psychiatry. The Elders of the church are not trained or licensed as psychotherapists or mental health professionals, nor should they be expected to follow the methods of such persons. 




a. The Bible teaches that Christians should carefully guard any personal and private information that others reveal to them (Proverbs 11:13). Protecting confidences is a sign of Christian love and respect (Matthew 7:12). It also discourages gossip (Proverbs 16:28; 17:9; 20:19; 26:20), invites confession (Proverbs 28:13; James 5:16), and encourages people to seek counseling (Romans 15:14). Since these goals are essential to the ministry of the gospel and the work of this church, all members are expected to refrain from gossip and to respect the confidences of others. In particular, our Elders shall carefully protect all information that they receive through pastoral counseling, subject to the following guidelines. 


b. Although confidentiality is to be respected as much as possible, there are times when it is appropriate to reveal certain information to others. In particular, when the Elders of the church believe it is biblically necessary, they may disclose confidential information to appropriate people in the following circumstances: 


1.  When an Elder is uncertain of how to counsel a person about a particular problem and needs to seek advice from other Elders in this church or, if the person attends another church, from the leaders of that church (Proverbs 11:14; 13:10; 15:22; 20:18; Matthew 18:15-17). 

2.  When the person who disclosed the information or any other person is in imminent danger of serious harm unless others intervene (Proverbs 24:11-12). 

3.  When a person refuses to repent of sin and it becomes necessary to institute disciplinary proceedings (Matthew 18:15-20), or seek the assistance of individuals or agencies outside this church (Romans 13:1-5). 

4.  When required by law; e.g., to report suspected child abuse (Mark 9:36-37, 42; Matthew 18:1-14).


c. Scripture commands that confidential information is to be shared with others only when a problem cannot be resolved through the efforts of a small group of people within the church (Matthew 18:15-17). Therefore, except as provided in Article XIV, section B, an Elder may not disclose confidential information to anyone inside or outside this church without the approval of the Elders or the consent of the person who originally disclosed the information. The Elders may approve such disclosure only when they find that all internal efforts to resolve a problem have been exhausted (1 Corinthians 6:1-8), and the problem cannot be satisfactorily resolved without the assistance of individuals or agencies outside this church (Romans 13:1- 5), or when the Elders deem it appropriate for the giving of testimony in a court of law, the reporting of physical or sexual abuse, or other cooperation with civil authorities. 


d. The Elders may, but need not, provide counselees with written notice of these confidentiality provisions, but these provisions shall be in effect regardless of whether such notice is given. 




a. This church is committed to resolving in a biblical manner all disputes that may arise within our body. This commitment is based on God’s command that Christians should strive earnestly to live at peace with one another (see Matthew 5:9; John 17:20-23; Romans 12:18; Ephesians 4:1-3) and that when disputes arise, Christians should resolve them according to the principles set forth in Holy Scripture (see Proverbs 19:11; Matthew 5:23-25; 18:15-20; 1 Corinthians 6:1-8; Galatians 6:1). We believe that these commands and principles are obligatory on all Christians, and absolutely essential for the wellbeing and work of the church. Therefore, any and all disputes in this church shall be resolved according to biblical principles, as provided in the Church Constitution and these Bylaws. 


b. When a member of this church has a conflict with, or is concerned about the behavior of another member, he shall attempt to resolve the matter as follows: 1. The offended or concerned person shall prayerfully examine himself and take responsibility for his contribution to a problem (Matthew 7:3-5), and he shall prayerfully seek to discern whether the offense is so serious that it cannot be overlooked (Proverbs 19:11; see also Proverbs 12:16; 15:18; 17:14; 20:3; Ephesians 4:2; Colossians 3:13; 1 Peter 4:8). (2) If the offense is too serious to overlook, the offended person shall go, repeatedly if necessary, and talk to the offender in an effort to resolve the matter personally and privately, having first confessed his own wrongdoing (Matthew 18:15). (3) If the offender will not listen and if the problem is too serious to overlook, the offended or concerned person shall return with one or two other people who will attempt to help the parties resolve their differences (Matthew 18:16); these other people may be members or officers of the church, other respected Christians in the community, or trained mediators or arbitrators (conciliators) from a Christian conciliation ministry. At the request of either party to the dispute, the church shall make every effort to assist the parties in resolving their differences and being reconciled. 


c. Conflicts involving doctrine or church discipline shall be resolved according to the procedures set forth in the Church Constitution and these Bylaws on church discipline, and in the Rules of Procedure of the Institute for Christian Conciliation (ver. 4.3, 10/01), a division of Peacemaker â Ministries. The Institute for Christian Conciliation is a non-ecclesiastical body, and cannot hold The Bible Church accountable or under its supervision in accordance with the Church Constitution (Article II, Section 1). 


d. Employment disputes shall be resolved according to the procedure set forth in the Personnel Policy Manual of this church, if the church has adopted such a policy. If no such policy has been adopted, then all disputes shall be resolved in accordance with the conflict resolution provision set forth in the Church Constitution and in these Bylaws. 


e. If a dispute arises between a member and the church, and cannot be resolved through the internal procedures described above, it shall be resolved as follows:


1.  The dispute shall be submitted to mediation and, if necessary, legally binding arbitration in accordance with the Rules of Procedures of the Institute for Christian Conciliation (ver. 4.3, 10/01), and judgment upon an arbitration award may be entered in any court otherwise having jurisdiction. 

2.  All mediators and arbitrators shall be in agreement with the statement of faith of this church, and the church’s basic form of government, unless this requirement is modified or waived by all parties to the dispute. If a dispute involves an attempted revision of the statement of faith, or the church’s form of government, the mediators and arbitrators shall be in agreement with those documents, as they existed prior to the attempted revision. 

3.  If a dispute submitted to arbitration pursuant to these Bylaws involves a decision reached by the Elders of this church, the arbitrators shall uphold and shall be bound by the decisions of the Elders on matters of doctrine and church discipline. 

4.  This section covers the church as a corporate entity and its agents, including its Elders, Deacons, Trustees, and volunteers with regard to any actions they may take in their official capacities on behalf of the church. 

5.  This section covers any and all disputes or claims arising from or related to church membership, doctrine, policy, practice, counseling, discipline, decisions, actions, or failures to act, including claims based on civil statute or for personal injury, except as otherwise may be provided by law. 

6.  By joining this church, all members agree that these methods shall provide the sole remedy for any dispute arising against the church and its agents, and they waive their right to file any legal action against the church in a civil court or agency, except to enforce an arbitration decision. 

7.  If a dispute or claim involves an alleged injury or damage to which the church’s insurance applies, and if the church’s insurer refuses to submit to mediation or arbitration as described in this section, either the church or the member alleging the injury or damage may declare that this section is no longer binding with regard to that part of the dispute or claim which the church’s insurance applies.


f. If possible, the church shall seek to include a conciliation clause in contracts by using the following or substantially similar language: 

Any claim or dispute arising from or related to this agreement shall be settled by biblically based mediation and, if necessary, legally binding arbitration in accordance with the Rules of Procedure for Christian Conciliation of the Institute for Christian Conciliation (ver. 4.3, 10/01), a division of Peacemaker â Ministries. Judgment upon an arbitration decision may be entered in any court otherwise having jurisdiction. The parties understand that these methods shall be the sole remedy for any controversy or claim arising out of this agreement and expressly waive their right to file a lawsuit in any civil court against one another for such disputes, except to enforce an arbitration decision. 




Church discipline shall be carried out as set forth in the Guidelines for Church Discipline developed by the Elders and set forth as Bylaws herein and according to the Rules of Procedure of the Institute for Christian Conciliation (ver. 4.3, 10/01), a division of Peacemakers â Ministries. 




a. The church shall hold, own, and enjoy its own personal and real property, without any right of reversion to another entity, except as provided in these Bylaws. 


b. “Dissolution” means the complete disbanding of the church so that it no longer functions as a congregation or as a corporate entity. Upon the dissolution of the church, its property shall be applied and distributed as follows: (1) all liabilities and obligations of the church shall be paid and discharged or adequate provision shall be made therefore; (2) assets held by the church upon condition requiring return, transfer or conveyance, which condition occurs by reason of the dissolution, shall be returned, transferred, or conveyed in accordance with such requirements; (3) assets received and not held upon a condition requiring return, transfer, or conveyance by reason of the dissolution, shall be transferred or conveyed to one or more domestic or foreign corporations, societies, or organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law), and are engaged in activities substantially similar to those of the church corporation; this distribution shall be done pursuant to a plan by the Elders, and (4) any assets not otherwise disposed of shall be disposed of by a court of competent jurisdiction of the county in which the principal office of the corporation is then located, for such organizations as are engaged in activities substantially similar to those of the church corporation, and are substantially in agreement with the doctrinal statement of the church. 




a. The Elders may choose to indemnify and advance the church-related expenses of any officer, employee, volunteer or agent of the church. 


b. Subject to the provisions of paragraph c. of this section, the church shall indemnify any Elder or Deacon or former Elder or Deacon of the church against claims, liabilities, expenses, and costs necessarily incurred by him/her in connection with the defense, compromise, or settlement of any action, suit or proceeding, civil or criminal, in which such person is made a party by reason of being or having been an Elder or Deacon, to the extent not otherwise compensated, indemnified or reimbursed by insurance, if: (1) The conduct of the Elder or Deacon was in good faith; (2) The Elder or Deacon reasonably believed that his/her conduct was in the best interests of the church, or at least not opposed to its best interests; and (3) In the case of any criminal proceeding, the Elder or Deacon had no reasonable cause to believe that his/her conduct was unlawful. 

c. The church may not indemnify an Elder or Deacon in connection with a proceeding brought against him/her by or in the right of the church, in which he/she was adjudged liable to the church, or where the Elder or Deacon is charged with receiving an improper personal benefit and he/she is adjudged on that basis. 




These Bylaws may be amended or repealed only by the Elders and must be on the basis of unanimity. 


Introduction to Guidelines for Church Discipline 


We believe that loving church discipline is one of the great blessings and privileges of belonging to a Christian church. The following guidelines were developed to provide a clear biblical framework for carrying out church discipline. As you read these Guidelines, you will notice that we have gone into considerable detail on how discipline should be carried out. This detail is provided so that people may fully understand our disciplinary procedures before they decide to join our church, which should help to prevent later misunderstandings or disappointed expectations. We believe that these Guidelines are biblical and provide the greatest opportunity to glorify God in the midst of conflict. They are established to provide a loving, biblical framework within which we hope to remain faithful to God and His Word while at the same time lovingly confront those who may be overtaken in a trespass (Galatians 6:1-2). 


Another important reason for spelling out the disciplinary process in such careful detail is to provide due process (fundamental fairness in the process of church discipline, which is notice of what is at issue and the opportunity to be fully heard), which prevents the church from misusing its authority and insures that a person who has been accused of wrongdoing will be treated fairly. For example, under these Guidelines, a person accused of an offense has the right to be accompanied by an advisor or counsel at all hearings, as well as the right to have his or her own witnesses testify at hearings. These rights serve to protect every person in the church from arbitrary actions and help to provide a process that will be just, constructive, and honoring to God. 

It is also helpful to realize that these Guidelines apply to church Elders just as they do to other members of the church. If an Elder falls into sin, it is the responsibility and right of other members to lovingly confront him and, if he refuses to repent, to initiate whatever disciplinary action is needed to move him toward repentance and protect others in the church from his wrongful actions. No one is above these disciplinary Guidelines, and everyone can benefit from them. 


As you read these Guidelines, we encourage you to look up and study the Bible passages that are cited next to particular provisions. For more background, we encourage you to read Handbook on Church Discipline by Jay Adams, which is available in the church office and library. If such study does not answer your questions and concerns about our disciplinary policies, please do not hesitate to approach one of our Elders, who will be happy to talk with you about these matters. 


Guidelines for Church Discipline 


1. Church discipline shall be instituted according to the Bylaws of this church, and according to the Rules of Procedure of the Institute for Christian Conciliation (ver. 4.3 10/01), a division of Peacemakers â Ministries. These Guidelines for Church Discipline shall be considered as essential components of the Bylaws of this church. 


2. Mutual accountability and discipline within the church is commanded by God in Scripture and is one of the most important responsibilities of a true church of Jesus Christ (see Matthew 18:12-20; Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5:1-13; Galatians 2:11-14; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:14; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15; 1 Timothy 1:20; 5:19-20; 2 Timothy 3:1-5; Titus 3:10; 2 John 7-11; Revelation 3:19). 


3. Church discipline is the exercise of that authority which the Lord Jesus Christ has committed to the visible church for the preservation of its purity, peace, and good order. All members of the church are under the care of and subject to the discipline of the church. The ultimate goal of all discipline is to train Christians to be self-disciplined so that they may share in the holiness of God (Hebrews 12:7-13). 


4. Church discipline is concerned with the prevention and correction of offenses, an offense being defined as anything in the doctrine or practice of a member that is contrary to the Word of God. The purpose of discipline is: (1) to guard and preserve the honor of God (Romans 2:24; 1 Corinthians 10:31); (2) to protect the purity of the church and to guard other Christians from being tempted, misled, divided, or otherwise harmed (see 1 Corinthians 5:6); and (3) to restore fallen Christians to usefulness to God and fellowship with His church (see Matthew 18:12-14; 2 Corinthians 2:5-11; 7:8-10; Galatians 6:1-2). 


5. According to Matthew 18:15-20, discipline involves four components or phases: (1) Each believer has the responsibility to confront privately other believers who have sinned. The individual who is aware of the violation should arrange a private meeting with the offender. The objectives of this meeting are to ensure that precautions have been taken to assure accuracy of perception of conduct, to clarify the biblical basis of concern, and, if he/she repents, to forgive the person. If the sinning believer acknowledges his/her sin and repents, the confronting believer has won him/her to a place of restoration (Galatians 6:1-2). This first step is where most discipline begins and ends. (2) However, if the sinning believer does not repent, step two demands that the confronting believer bring other brothers and sisters in Christ to lovingly confront, counsel, and encourage him/her toward repentance. This may be done repeatedly. The intent of others being involved is to guarantee clear communication, and to provide witnesses should the matter later be taken to a public level. (3) If the previous efforts do not correct an offense, the unrepentant person may be mentioned before the church (Matthew 18:17). This shall be done in the following manner: 


a. The Elders, if not already involved, shall be informed of the matter in writing. 


b. A person accused of persistent, unrepentant sin shall be given a written notice to appear before the Elders at a specific time and place. The notice may, but need not, specify the sins and specifications that have been brought against the accused. Ordinarily all notices shall be served in person, but in case that is not possible, notices shall be sent by certified mail to the person cited. 


c. At the first meeting of the Elders addressing this matter, only these actions may be taken: (i.) the charges and specifications shall be read and formally presented to the accused together with the names of any witnesses and copies of any documents that may be presented against him/her; (ii.) the Elders  shall fix the time, date, and place for a second meeting, and shall issue notices directing all persons to appear at that time whose presence it may deem  necessary; and (iii.) the accused shall be granted notices in which he may insert the names of the witnesses whom he/she wishes the Elders to summon. 


d. If an accused refuses or fails to appear without satisfactory reason for his/her absence at the time appointed for a hearing of the matter, he/she shall again be cited, with the warning that, if he does not appear, the Elders will proceed with the matter in his/her absence. The time allowed for the appearance on notice shall be determined by the Elders with due consideration of the circumstances. If the accused still refuses or fails to appear, the matter may proceed in his absence. 


e. If unusual circumstances require it, the Elders may deny an accused person the right of participating in the Lord’s Supper, or of performing the functions of his office or ministry, until the matter is concluded. 


f. If the accused appears at the second meeting of the Elders, he/she shall be asked whether or not he/she is guilty of the accusation. If he/she pleads that he is not guilty of the accusation, the Elders shall proceed to receive evidence. No person shall be deprived of the right to set forth, or offer into evidence the provisions of the Word of God. If subsequent meetings of the Elders are required, the accused and all witnesses shall be called to appear as provided above. 


g. Evidence must be factual in nature. It may be direct or circumstantial. Caution should be exercised in giving weight to evidence that is purely circumstantial. The accused may object to the competency of any witness and to the authenticity, admissibility, and relevancy of any testimony or evidence produced in support of the accusation and specifications. The Elders shall decide on all such objections after allowing the accused to be heard in support thereof. The testimony of one witness shall be insufficient to establish the truth of any specifications without corroborating evidence (see 2 Corinthians 13:1). If the accused so requests, no witness, unless a member of the Elders, shall testify in the presence of another witness who is to testify concerning the same specification. 


h. Nothing in the above precludes the Elders from taking additional actions which it deems appropriate. 


i. At the conclusion of the matter, the Elders, after deliberation, shall come to a unanimous decision about the guilt or innocence of the accused. If the offender after tender exhortation, solemn rebuke and warning, does not repent, then the Elders shall proceed to determine an appropriate time and occasion to inform the church about the unrepentant person. 


j. When the unrepentant person is mentioned before the church, the congregation shall be instructed to pray for him/her, and to pursue him/her for the purpose of restoration, which is the ultimate goal of all church discipline. 


After a sufficient time determined by the Elders, the sinning member either repents or refuses to do so. If he/she refuses then by virtue of Jesus’ own pronouncement in Matthew 18:18-20, step four shall be enacted. (4) The fourth step of church discipline is public dismissal, or disfellowshipping from the congregation. The public announcement of discipline shall always be accompanied by prayer that God will graciously use the discipline for His own glory, the restoration of the offender, and the edification of the church. This announcement may be made during a regular worship service, at a special meeting of the congregation, or by letter. Public dismissal precludes his attendance at all public meetings in keeping with the Apostle Paul’s instruction in 1 Corinthians 5:9-13. He is to be treated as one who rejects the gospel of Christ, warned of the consequences of his sin, and exhorted to come to a saving relationship with the Christ he once confessed. The church should continue to pray for the individual imploring God to bring about repentance. 


6. If an accused leaves the church during the disciplinary process or after having been disfellowshipped, and if the Elders learn that he is attending another church, the Elders may inform that church that the person is currently under church discipline. The Elders may ask that church to encourage the accused to repent of his sin and to be restored to the Lord and to any people whom he has offended. Such communications enhance the possibility that a person may finally repent of his sin, and at the same time, serve to warn the other church to be on guard against the harm that the accused might do to its members (see Matthew 18:12-14; Romans 16:17; 1 Corinthians 5:1-13; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-14; 2 Timothy 1:15; 2:16-
18; 4:9, 14-15; 3 John 9-10). 


7. Just as a good shepherd will go after a sheep that has wandered from the flock (Matthew 18:12-14; Ezekiel 34:4, 8, 16), so should the Elders and members of this church seek to restore a wandering member to the Lord through biblical discipline. Therefore, discipline may be instituted or continued either before or after a member seeks to withdraw from membership if the Elders determine that such discipline may serve to guard and preserve the honor of God, protect the purity of the church, or restore the wandering member to the Lord. While the church cannot force a withdrawing person to remain in this congregation, the church has the right and the responsibility to encourage restoration, to bring the disciplinary process to an orderly conclusion, and to make a final determination as to the person’s membership status at the time withdrawal is sought or acknowledged. In doing so, the Elders, at their discretion, may temporarily suspend further disciplinary proceedings, dismiss any or all accusations against the accused, or proceed with discipline and pronounce an appropriate disciplinary action. 


8. If a person who has been disfellowshipped comes to repentance, the church shall warmly and lovingly restore him to fellowship within the Body (see Matthew 18:13; Luke 15:11-32). Once the Elders are persuaded that the person has sincerely confessed his wrongs and sought forgiveness from God and the person or persons he offended, his restoration shall be announced. The announcement shall be accompanied by a solemn admonition to the congregation that the restored person’s offenses have been forgiven and are not to be held against him/her or otherwise hinder his/her fellowship within the church (see 2 Corinthians 2:5-11). When deemed appropriate by the Elders, however, the restored person may be restricted from certain responsibilities within the church until he has demonstrated the requisite qualities for those responsibilities (see Philippians 1:10; 2:12-14; Colossians 1:22; 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:6; 1 Peter 2:11-12).